Publications

The National Board of Trade publishes a number of reports in a wide range of trade related issues. The reports can be downloaded free of charge.

  1. April 2012 | Publications | English

    E-commerce – New Opportunities, New Barriers

    A survey of e-commerce barriers in countries outside the EU

    The internet and e-commerce are creating new opportunities for international trade. The geographic distance between buyer and seller is becoming less important, and companies can now reach consumers in foreign markets in ways that were previously impossible. However, as e-commerce grows and creates new opportunities, new trade barriers are also appearing.The study is based on interviews with Swedish companies, and identifies the barriers they encounter in their e-commerce business in countries outside the EU.

  2. February 2012 | Publications | English

    Anti-Dumping or Unjustified Protection?

    The EU Anti-Dumping Duties on Ceramic Tiles

    This report identifies problems and concerns with the European Union (EU) anti-dumping instrument, as applied today, regardless of the fact that the investigation procedures and methods might be in line with the current regulation and practice. The arguments are based on the recent anti-dumping investigation – and imposition of anti-dumping measures – on imports of ceramic tiles from China, but the observations and conclusions from the analysis are valid for most EU anti-dumping investigations. This report is aimed as a contribution to the modernisation review of the EU trade defence instruments in 2012.

  3. February 2012 | Publications | English

    Rules of Origin

    Fact Sheet 1 from Open Trade Gate Sweden. The rules of origin are used to determine the economic nationality of products and need to be fulfilled to be able to benefit from trade preferences.

  4. February 2012 | Publications | English

    Paving the Way for Unfair Competition

    The Imposition of EU Anti-Dumping Duties on Ceramic Tiles from China

    This report identifies problems and concerns with the European Union (EU) anti-dumping instrument, as applied today, regardless of the fact that the investigation procedures and methods might be in line with the current regulation and practice. The arguments are based on the recent anti-dumping investigation – and imposition of anti-dumping measures – on imports of ceramic tiles from China, but the observations and conclusions from the analysis are valid for most EU anti-dumping investigations. This report was aimed as a contribution to the modernisation review of the EU trade defence instruments in 2012.

  5. February 2012 | Publications | English

    Business Reality and Trade Policy – Closing the Gap

    The trend toward global value chains has created a growing gap between business reality and trade policy. While the nature of global trade has changed, trade regulation in the EU and other OECD economies has remained largely the same. So far this aspect of the debate has not received the attention it deserves. As a result, the implications for trade policy have not been thoroughly discussed. 

  6. February 2012 | Publications | English

    Dumping or Competition?

    The EU Anti-Dumping Duties on Ceramic Tiles

    The European Commission argued in the announcement of its modernization review of its trade defence instruments that it makes use of the anti-dumping instrument to ensure “fair competition and a level playing-field for all businesses”. The EU anti-dumping regulation states that “the need to eliminate the trade distorting effects of injurious dumping and to restore effective competition shall be given special consideration”. In the anti-dumping investigation on ceramic tiles, it is stated that “the aim of the anti-dumping duties is not to seal off specific trade channels, but to restore the level playing field and counter-act unfair competition”. Considering the above, this report questions the fact that the concepts of “fair” and “competition” are not considered or analysed in the EU anti-dumping regulation or in any anti-dumping investigation.

  7. January 2012 | Publications | English

    Adding Value to the European Economy

    - How Anti-Dumping can Damage the Supply Chains of Globalised European Companies. Five Case Studies from the Shoe Industry

    The aim of this study is to examine whether anti-dumping measures, traditionally used against industrial goods like steel, are suited for modern globalised trade with consumer goods. We show, using five cases from the shoe industry, that European companies are damaged, not protected, by anti-dumping

  8. January 2012 | Publications | English

    The EU’s and the US’s Preferential Arrangements - a Comparison

    The Impact of Rules of Origin on Trade

    Various studies have shown how the cost of compliance with rules of origin often outweighs the benefits of the tariff preferences. The report "The impact of Rules of Origin on Trade" summarises existing literature which confirms that rules of origin often act as a barrier to trade by having negative effects on both utilisation of preferences and trade flows.

  9. January 2012 | Publications | English

    The Impact of Rules of Origin on Trade

    – a Comparison of the EU’s and the US’s Rules for the Textile and Clothing Sector

    The aim of this report is to examine the effects of rules of origin. We discuss the importance of the design of the rules, for preferential agreements to make a difference. The evident objective of non-reciprocal trade agreements is to stimulate exports from developing countries to industrialised markets. However, actual exports using the preferential arrangements do not increase as one could expect or at least hope for.

  10. November 2011 | Publications | English

    Cross-border Public Procurement

    - an EU Perspective

    This study intends to take a look at cross-border procurement from an EU perspective; it contains a description of the nature, structure and economic importance of public procurement, inter alia on the basis of two concrete case studies. We also discuss the proposed EU instrument for achieving market symmetry; its rationale and objective as well as the potential problems it may create.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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