Publications

The National Board of Trade publishes a number of reports in a wide range of trade related issues. The reports can be downloaded free of charge.

  1. October 2013 | Publications | English

    Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs)

    - how they work

    Investment Protection Treaties are commonly known as Bilateral Investment Treaties or BITs. Investment protection is also found in certain free trade agreements. The best known example is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); an agreement signed by Canada, the USA and Mexico. In this paper, the term "foreign investors" refers to investors from a country with which there is a Bilateral Investment Treaty. At the end of the paper you will find information on Sweden and BITs.

  2. September 2013 | Publications | English

    National Board of Trade

    The National Board of Trade is the Swedish government agency for foreign trade and trade policy - a brief introduction.

  3. June 2013 | Publications | English

    Making Trade Happen

    Business Perspectives on Cross-Border Movement of Persons

    The cross-border movements and meetings of people are crucial for all trade-related transactions. This report aims to make discussion and measures in this area better grounded in business realities. It shows how and why the cross border movement of people matters to trade and competitiveness of companies in the “global village” of today. 

  4. June 2013 | Publications | English

    Targeting the Environment

    Exploring a New Trend in the EU’s Trade Defence Investigations

    In recent years, the European Union's trade defence instruments (TDI) have increasingly been directed towards renewable energy sources, such as biodiesel, bioethanol, glass fibres, solar panels and solar glass. The TDI investigations on renewable energy sources affect import values which are among the highest of any of the EU's TDI measures. This provides an indication that there are considerable environmental values involved.

  5. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Introduction to the EU Trade Defence Instruments

    The most frequent reason for the use of anti-dumping measures is to counter "unfair competition" and to create "a level playing field" in the international trade. Aspects of competition are, however, not considered in anti-dumping investigations. Anti-dumping measures are mainly benefiting third country exporters not facing anti-dumping duties, more than the EU producers that have requested protection. In addition, the protection comes at a high cost. Each 1 euro gained by the protected EU industry implies an extra cost of 4.5 euro for importers, user industry and consumers in the EU.

  6. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Provide services with EU’s points of single contact

    To make it easier for companies to come into contact with authorities in other EU countries, the web-based ”points of single contact” (PSC) have been created. Here one can easily access information and carry out ones company’s obligations, such as submitting applications, electronically. The leaflet describes how to use the PSCs and what the principle of free movement means for businesses.

  7. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Easier to sell products with the EU's contact points

    The Product Contact Point helps businesses by providing information on any national requirements for a particular product. This brochure describes how to use the Product Contact Point and what the principle of freedom of movement within the EU means to businesses.

  8. April 2013 | Publications | English

    Global Value Chains and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

    The changing nature of trade through a geographical fragmentation of production, often referred to as global value chains, is becoming common knowledge among trade policymakers. With the launch of negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) it is natural to put insights related to the emergence of global value chains into practice in a trade negotiation of global significance. A global value chain perspective is the intuitive approach in any modern trade negotiation, but it becomes even more important when the world’s two largest and most advanced economies engage in a possible partnership.

  9. April 2013 | Publications | English

    The Union Interest Test in Trade Defence Investigations

    The EU's interest as a whole, i.e. the 'Union interest test', must be taken into consideration before imposing TDI measures. The Union interest test is often highlighted by the Commission in WTO negotiations, as well as in various negotiations on free trade agreements as a 'WTO plus' requirement that goes beyond the WTO rules. However, the test is insufficient and does not cover all aspects of the Union's interest. In fact, real-world implications when assessing the
    Union's interest are seldom mentioned. This needs to be improved in the modernisation review!

  10. March 2013 | Publications | English

    The Lesser Duty Rule in Trade Defence Investigations

    This report examines the effects of European Union (EU) anti-dumping measures from the points of view of effectiveness and efficiency. We analysed 39 anti-dumping cases that were investigated between 2000 and 2008. The results suggest that EU anti-dumping measures do provide some protection for EU producers. However, the level of this protection is moderate, as the protected sector gains, on average, 1 percentage point of the EU market share after the measures have taken force. Producers in third countries that are not subject to anti-dumping duties (non-targeted countries) gain, on average, as much as 8 percentage points of the EU market share. This report was updated in 2014.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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