Publications

The National Board of Trade publishes a number of reports in a wide range of trade related issues. The reports can be downloaded free of charge.

  1. March 2015 | Publications | English

    Trade Costs of Visas and Work Permits

    A Trade Facilitation Perspective on Movement of Persons

    In a modern trading economy, people need to move across borders, just like goods, services and capital do. Bureaucratic and lengthy procedures for visas and work permits can increase trade costs in companies, delay deliveries, and cause loss of contracts or clients.

    The report maps "typical" costs for obtaining visas and work permits in Sweden, as well as the effects on companies of uncertainty and delays in the application procedures. The report also shows that effects are more pertinent for companies which trade in services, form part of global value chains, and depend on scarce or specialised skills for their production. Furthermore, small companies and new market entrants are often relatively more sensitive to costs and bureaucracy.

  2. September 2014 | Publications | English

    Making Green Trade Happen

    Environmental Goods and Indispensable Services

    In July 2014, the EU and a number of WTO member countries initiated negotiations on how to facilitate global trade regarding products which benefit the environment. So far, the discussion has focused on eliminating tariffs on so-called environmental goods. This study shows that in order to truly facilitate trade in environmental goods, barriers to trade in services need to also be removed. This is because companies selling environmental goods also usually sell a number of services related to such environmental goods. Often, customers demand a package solution that includes both goods and services. The report identifies a number of services indispensable to trade in environmental goods. Examples of such services include installation services, technical testing and user customisation. The report argues that the countries should negotiate about both the liberalisation of trade in environmental goods, as well as trade in services indispensable to environmental goods.

    The report is based on interviews with companies that export and import environmental goods.

  3. May 2014 | Publications | English

    Moving to Sweden

    Obstacles to the Free Movement of EU Citizens

    Citizens of the European Union (EU) have the right to visit, work, study and retire in other member states. The free movement of persons becomes more important for commerce as production assumes a more specialized and internationalized nature. Production can depend on fast access to the skills and expertise of a few specialists, and it should therefore be easy for them to move between production sites and customers in different member states.

  4. May 2014 | Publications | English

    Do EU Producers and the EU Economy Really Benefit from Anti-Dumping Policy?

    This report examines the effects of European Union (EU) anti-dumping measures from the points of view of effectiveness and efficiency. We analysed 39 anti-dumping cases that were investigated between 2000 and 2008. The results suggest that EU anti-dumping measures do provide some protection for EU producers.

  5. March 2014 | Publications | English

    World Trade in the 21st Century

    In this report, the National Board of Trade summarises important trends that challenge conventional wisdom with respect to international trade. The report is based on previous analysis by the National Board of Trade and it describes:

    1. how production increasingly takes place in international networks
    2. the increased service content of trade - so called "servicification"
    3. the digitalisation of international trade

  6. January 2014 | Publications | English

    No Transfer, No Trade

    -The Importance of Cross-Border Data Transfers for Companies Based in Sweden

    Today, business and trade is totally dependent on data flows – data that has to be moved in order to make trade happen and for efficient running of companies. The world has gone digital. The possibility for companies, organisations, governments and individuals to move and share data is a precondition for this. While creating enormous opportunities, the digital age also raises important concerns, including the protection of personal information. With this report, we hope to improve the understanding of the issue of data transfers, especially how companies use data transfers as part of their everyday trade and thus how data protection and regulations affect their business opportunities.

  7. November 2013 | Publications | English

    Eliminating Anti-Dumping Measures in Regional Trade Agreements

    The European Union Example

    In recent years, the number of regional trade agreements has proliferated. The great majority, about 90 per cent, of the regional trade agreements allow member countries to use anti-dumping measures against one another. Due to the fact that about 75 per cent of all regional trade agreements include provisions on competiton rules, it may be possible to replace anti-dumping measures with competition rules if there is emphasis placed on this during the trade negotiations.

  8. November 2013 | Publications | English

    Effects on Trade and Competition of Abolishing Anti-Dumping Measures

    The European Union Experience

    The European Union (EU) is one of the few regional trade agreements where the anti-dumping measures that were in place have been abolished between the member states as they are integrated. In addition, the EU is one of the few regional trade agreements that have established common competition rules. EU integration is, accordingly, the most relevant case to study in order to gain an understanding of the effects of abolishing anti-dumping measures and of whether 'unfair competition' is still taking place.

  9. November 2013 | Publications | English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Countries

    An Introduction

    World trade is undergoing major changes. Emerging economies contribute to new trading patterns, in many cases gaining shares in the global trading system that better correspond to the sizes of their populations. Production is becoming more fragmented and at the same time more integrated; specialisation through geographic division of production is increasing, as is the service content in trade.

  10. October 2013 | Publications | English

    Just Add Services

    A case study on servicification and the agri-food sector

    The aim of this study is to analyse if services are as important to the agri-food sector as they are for manufacturing and if the agri-food also is being servicified. This will underline the importance of services and that trade in services is essential for agri-food companies – both to provide them with access to needed services and being able to deliver the services they need to deliver alongside their products. How open markets are for competition in the provision of services will have an impact on the efficiency of agri-food-production and on its participation in global value chains.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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