The National Board of Trade publishes a number of reports in a wide range of trade related issues. The reports can be downloaded free of charge.

  1. November 2016 | Publications | English

    Analysis of the possible effects of the CETA free trade agreement

    - on the environment, human and animal health and democratic decision-making

    The Government has assigned the National Board of Trade to analyse the possible effects of the CETA agreement on the environment, human and animal health and democratic decision-making. 

  2. October 2016 | Publications | English

    The Servicification of EU Manufacturing

    Building Competitiveness in the Internal Market

    Servicification means that manufacturing activities and competitiveness increasingly depend on services. Yet, there are still many remaining barriers to the free movement of services within and outside the EU. Is the manufacturing industry’s increasing use of services a possibility to build competitiveness in the EU or a challenge to it?

  3. July 2016 | Publications | English

    Transatlantic Standards Approval Scheme (TSAS)

    - An example

    This information sheet gives a description of how the Transatlantic Standards Approval Scheme (TSAS) could function in reality. The product used in the example is a refrigerator. The information sheet is only available  in English.

  4. May 2016 | Publications | English

    Implementation and enforcement of sustainable development provisions in free trade agreements – options for improvement

    Contemporary FTAs increasingly include provisions pertaining to sustainable development. Although these provisions vary in form and scope, a growing number of FTAs contain substantive sustainability commitments, which gives rise to questions about their effective implementation and enforcement. Addressing these questions is the main objective of this paper.

  5. May 2016 | Publications | English

    Protectionism in the 21st century

    The purpose of the report is to synthesize efforts to monitor protectionism in the 21st century. In doing that, the National Board of Trade analyses the status and character of modern-day protectionism, as well as important trends, including the overarching question of whether protectionism is on the rise or in decline.

    In the report, the Board applies a comprehensive view of protectionism, including barriers to trade in goods, trade in services, investment flows, movement of people and data flows. The report is part of a comprehensive effort during 2016 to analyse the nature and effect of current protectionism.

  6. April 2016 | Publications | English

    Trade Regulation in a 3D Printed World

    - a Primer

    This report examines how 3D printing affects the production of goods and also how companies trade with each other and what they trade. It also highlights the entrance of new actors, notably small- and medium-sized companies, on the trading scene. Finally, the report examines whether the current multilateral trade rules (WTO) are equipped to regulate production using 3D technology and trade with 3D-printed products or if WTO regulations need to be reformed in order to not stand in the way of further 3D printing expansion.

    3D printing as a production method is growing rapidly. 3D printing is a technology that builds physical objects directly from 3D computer-aided design (CAD) data and adds different materials, layer-by-layer, with the help of a 3D printer. With 3DP certain stages of manufacturing are bundled into one and certain transportation of goods is replaced by transmission of data. The creation and transfer of the CAD files is the main component in 3D printing and is also the main difference between 3D printing and traditional production methods.

  7. November 2015 | Publications | English

    Trade is Essential for Jobs

    - a Value Chain Perspective for Sweden

    How many jobs in Sweden are supported by trade, and how important are global value chains for jobs in the Swedish economy? This report examines how employment in Sweden is linked with international trade, capturing the relationship to both domestic and global value chains. The results show that nearly 30 per cent of jobs in Sweden are supported by trade. The majority of these jobs are in the services sectors, especially for suppliers to the exporting part of the economy. This means that trade barriers potentially hurt both employment in the exporting sector and, through domestic value chains, employment among domestic manufacturing and services suppliers.​

    During the past years, several databases have been published, connecting input-output tables with international trade. This creates new possibilities for analyses from a value chain perspective. In this report, the World Input Output Database (WIOD), including employment figures from its Socio-Economic Accounts, has been used. In this way, WIOD makes it possible to estimate e.g. how important Sweden's trade with the USA is for employment in Sweden.

  8. November 2015 | Publications | English

    From Competition to Convergence

    TTIP and the Evolution of Global Standards

    The EU and the US have in many areas built their regulatory systems in ways that create unnecessary differences in technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures. Unnecessary divergence in regulations and standard do not only create trade barriers between the EU and the US, but also affects the development of global regulations and standards in a way that may hold back important solutions to global problems.

    In light of the ongoing TTIP negotiations, this report examines how the EU and the US have integrated their regulatory systems internationally. The report is based on three arenas: international standards, free trade agreements and areas not covered by regulatory cooperation. The report also explores a proposal on how the EU and the US can get their standardization systems to work closer together through the so-called Transatlantic Standards Approval Scheme (TSAS).

  9. October 2015 | Publications | English

    Changes in EU Anti-Dumping Practice

    - Required by WTO Rules

    Predictable practice in line with WTO rules is fundamental to EU trade policy. China's Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organization requires the EU to stop using an alternative calculation method in anti-dumping investigations after December 2016.

  10. October 2015 | Publications | English

    Preventing Global Value Chains in Renewable Energy

    The Use of Non-Preferential Rules of Origin as an Indirect Trade Policy Instrument in the EU

    In recent years, the EU has tended to use its non-preferential rules of origin as an indirect trade policy instrument. When the complex reality has made it difficult to establish the non-preferential origin of products – due to global production and value chains – the EU list rules for the establishment of non-preferential origin have been amended or disregarded in order to facilitate the imposition of EU trade remedies. The products concerned by this approach are mainly renewable energy products – solar panels from China and bioethanol from the United States.

    This approach is not in line with the WTO Agreement on Rules of Origin that states that the use of non-preferential rules of origin as a direct or indirect trade policy instrument is not allowed. The report provides proposals for how the Delegated Act of the Union Customs Code might be amended in order to make this tendency less possible and less likely in the future. In this way, the EU would serve as an example with regard to the use of non-preferential rules of origin on a multilateral level.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59


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