2019

  1. Who Uses the EU’s Free Trade Agreements?

    A transaction-level analysis of the EU–South Korea free trade agreement

    The EU is currently negotiating and signing free trade agreements at an increasing pace. There is, however, a lack of knowledge on the behaviour of companies and their use of free trade agreements. This generates many assumptions and allegations that keep proliferating in the literature and in political discourses.

  2. November 2019 | Publications | English

    The trade effects of EU regional trade agreements – evidence and strategic choices

    Evidence and strategic choices

    Since negotiations to conclude the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Doha Development Agenda stalled in 2008, the main efforts by the EU to liberalise trade have been undertaken in the context of regional trade agreements (RTAs). As a result, there has been growing interest in how effective they are in terms of stimulating trade. Another motivation for this report comes from the observation that almost all positive welfare effects related to trade agreements require more economic integration and international division of labour, i.e. trade. With these considerations in mind, the purpose of this work is to analyse the effects of EU RTAs on trade in goods.

  3. October 2019 | Publications | English

    The Fourth Industrial Revolution

    Changing trade as we know it

    In this report, the National Board of Trade describes the evolution of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). We identify new production trends and discuss how they will affect international trade.

  4. August 2019 | Publications | Svenska

    Manual de implementación del Título de Comercio y Desarrollo Sostenible (CDS) del Acuerdo Comercial entre la Unión Europea y Ecuador

    Los recientes acuerdos comerciales (AC) negociados por la Unión Europea han incluido sistemáticamente disposiciones en el ámbito del comercio y el desarrollo sostenible (CDS).

    El objetivo principal del presente manual es facilitar la implementación del Título de Comercio y Desarrollo Sostenible del AC entre la Unión Europea y sus Estados Miembros y Ecuador.

    Este manual brinda pautas para su implementación paso a paso y ofrece algunos ejemplos y buenas prácticas desarrollados por la Unión Europea y sus socios comerciales en el marco de los AC previamente establecidos.

    Este manual forma parte de los esfuerzos de la UE para mejorar la implementación de los capítulos de comercio y desarrollo sostenible en los acuerdos comerciales de la UE, tal como se establece en el plan de acción de 15 puntos de la Comisión Europea para la implementación de los capítulos sobre comercio y desarrollo sostenible.

    This handbook is also available in English: TSD Handbook

  5. August 2019 | Publications | English

    TSD Handbook

    Implementation of the chapter on trade and sustainable development in the Trade Agreement between EU and Ecuador

    Recent trade agreements (TAs) negotiated by the EU systematically include provisions on trade and sustainable development (TSD) in the form of a separate chapter. 

    The main objective of this handbook is to facilitate the implementation of the chapter on trade and sustainable development of the TA between the EU and its Member States and Ecuador.

    The handbook provides step-by-step guidelines for implementation and provides some examples and best practices developed by the EU and its trade partners in the framework of previously implemented TAs.

    This handbook is part of the EU’s efforts to improve the implementation of the TSD chapters in EU trade agreements, as set out in the European Commission’s 15-point action plan for TSD implementation.

    This handbook is also available in Spanish: Manual de implementación del Título de Comercio yDesarrollo Sostenible (CDS) del Acuerdo Comercial entre la Unión Europea y Ecuador

  6. April 2019 | Publications | English

    Reforming compliance management in the Single Market – Discussion on a decentralised enforcement of EU law

    - Discussion on a decentralised enforcement of EU law

    The correct application of EU rules is paramount for the functioning of the Single Market. Yet, as discussed in our earlier report In quest of compliance,  the EU Member States do not fully comply with the Single market’s rules and principles. This, in turn, creates significant problems for citizens and companies and prevents the Single Market from fully delivering projected benefits. 

    In the present paper, the National Board of Trade discusses an ambitious decentralisation reform of the enforcement of EU law as a means to reduce the compliance deficit in the EU. 
    We explore the idea of setting up National Enforcement Agencies in each Member States. Entrusted with the task of investigating local infringements of the Single Market rules, these agencies would also have the possibility to bring cases before the national courts. This reform would enable to solve local compliance problems at the local level and also reassert the Member States’ ownership of the Single Market.

  7. March 2019 | Publications | English

    Sweden in the EU

    Summary

    This is a brief summary of the report Sverige i EU (Sweden in the EU). The full version is only available in Swedish.

    Sverige i EU (full report)

    In the report the National Board of Trade presents and comments a large amount of statistics on trade, investments, freedom of movement, economic growth and productivity. The aim is to illustrate how the Swedish economy has developed during the last decades, with a certain focus on the development after becoming member of the EU and part of the internal market.

    Sweden’s openness to the rest of the world, measured as the proportion of foreign trade in GDP, has more than doubled in the past 50 years.

  8. March 2019 | Publications | English

    Investment screening in four Nordic countries

    - an overview

    This is a paper about investment screening mechanisms in four Nordic countries. The paper serves as basis for a discussion on the topic of  'European origins – the EU Member States' Rules on Screening Foreign Investment' at the research conference 'A Common European Law on Investment Screening' in Gothenburg on 7–8 March 2019.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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