Free Trade Agreements and Countries Outside

An analysis of market access for non-participating countries

The number of Free-Trade Agreements (FTAs) continues to grow and increasingly set the rules for world trade. The effects of these agreements go beyond the contracting parties and also extend to third countries. This has often been seen as negative because trade diversion, caused by tariff preferences, distorts trade and discriminates against third countries.

However, a specific FTA is not necessarily negative for a third country that is not party to the actual agreement. The long-term dynamic effects might serve to multilateralise FTAs and FTAs might also spur unilateral trade liberalisation. Notwithstanding any speculation about such effects, a lot of FTA provisions could benefit third countries in various ways. It is these potential benefits that are the focus of this study.

  • Title: Free Trade Agreements and Countries OutsideAn analysis of market access for non-participating countries
  • Published: 2018
  • Language: English
  • Format: PDF and print
  • Author: National Board of Trade Sweden
  • Pages: 55
  • ISBN: 978-91-88201-39-3

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59


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