2016

  1. Data Flows

    A Fifth Freedom for the Internal Market?

    The internal market is based on the freedoms of movement of goods, services, persons and capital. These four freedoms were introduced in the Treaty of Rome some 60 years ago, long before the emergence of the digital economy. Today our societies are increasingly dependent on the processing and transfer of data. Almost all transactions involve the movement of data at some point and our economies are relying on a smooth and free flow of data.

  2. December 2016 | Publications | English

    In Quest of Compliance

    Promoting effective enforcement of the EU Single Market

    The EU Member States do not fully comply with the Single market’s rules and principles and this undermines the credibility and effectiveness of the EU. This creates significant problems for citizens and companies and prevents the Single Market from fully delivering projected benefits. 

  3. November 2016 | Publications | English

    Analysis of the possible effects of the CETA free trade agreement

    - on the environment, human and animal health and democratic decision-making

    The Government has assigned the National Board of Trade to analyse the possible effects of the CETA agreement on the environment, human and animal health and democratic decision-making. 

  4. October 2016 | Publications | English

    The Servicification of EU Manufacturing

    Building Competitiveness in the Internal Market

    Servicification means that manufacturing activities and competitiveness increasingly depend on services. Yet, there are still many remaining barriers to the free movement of services within and outside the EU. Is the manufacturing industry’s increasing use of services a possibility to build competitiveness in the EU or a challenge to it?

  5. July 2016 | Publications | English

    Transatlantic Standards Approval Scheme (TSAS)

    - An example

    This information sheet gives a description of how the Transatlantic Standards Approval Scheme (TSAS) could function in reality. The product used in the example is a refrigerator. The information sheet is only available  in English.

  6. May 2016 | Publications | English

    Implementation and enforcement of sustainable development provisions in free trade agreements – options for improvement

    Contemporary FTAs increasingly include provisions pertaining to sustainable development. Although these provisions vary in form and scope, a growing number of FTAs contain substantive sustainability commitments, which gives rise to questions about their effective implementation and enforcement. Addressing these questions is the main objective of this paper.

  7. May 2016 | Publications | English

    Protectionism in the 21st century

    The purpose of the report is to synthesize efforts to monitor protectionism in the 21st century. In doing that, the National Board of Trade analyses the status and character of modern-day protectionism, as well as important trends, including the overarching question of whether protectionism is on the rise or in decline.

    In the report, the Board applies a comprehensive view of protectionism, including barriers to trade in goods, trade in services, investment flows, movement of people and data flows. The report is part of a comprehensive effort during 2016 to analyse the nature and effect of current protectionism.

  8. April 2016 | Publications | English

    Trade Regulation in a 3D Printed World

    - a Primer

    This report examines how 3D printing affects the production of goods and also how companies trade with each other and what they trade. It also highlights the entrance of new actors, notably small- and medium-sized companies, on the trading scene. Finally, the report examines whether the current multilateral trade rules (WTO) are equipped to regulate production using 3D technology and trade with 3D-printed products or if WTO regulations need to be reformed in order to not stand in the way of further 3D printing expansion.

    3D printing as a production method is growing rapidly. 3D printing is a technology that builds physical objects directly from 3D computer-aided design (CAD) data and adds different materials, layer-by-layer, with the help of a 3D printer. With 3DP certain stages of manufacturing are bundled into one and certain transportation of goods is replaced by transmission of data. The creation and transfer of the CAD files is the main component in 3D printing and is also the main difference between 3D printing and traditional production methods.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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