Trade Costs of Visas and Work Permits

A Trade Facilitation Perspective on Movement of Persons

In a modern trading economy, people need to move across borders, just like goods, services and capital do. Bureaucratic and lengthy procedures for visas and work permits can increase trade costs in companies, delay deliveries, and cause loss of contracts or clients.

The report maps "typical" costs for obtaining visas and work permits in Sweden, as well as the effects on companies of uncertainty and delays in the application procedures. The report also shows that effects are more pertinent for companies which trade in services, form part of global value chains, and depend on scarce or specialised skills for their production. Furthermore, small companies and new market entrants are often relatively more sensitive to costs and bureaucracy.

  • Title: Trade Costs of Visas and Work PermitsA Trade Facilitation Perspective on Movement of Persons
  • Published: 2015
  • Language: English
  • Format: PDF
  • Author: National Board of Trade
  • Pages: 24
  • ISBN: 978-91-86575-96-0
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National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

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