Online Trade, Offline Rules

A Review of Barriers to e-commerce in the EU

Claims about the borderless nature of the internet are only true to a certain extent. Statistics on business-to-consumer e-commerce in Europe for example, show that the Digital Single Market is far from being achieved – the EU is still fragmented into 28 online markets.

In this report, The National Board of Trade maps out legal barriers affecting e-commerce in the EU, providing an inventory of rules, both national and EU-wide, that restrict online trade. It covers traditional forms of e-commerce affected by a fragmented regulatory framework (from consumer rules to VAT). It also draws attention to the lack of adaptation of the current rules on e-commerce with regards especially to recent technological and business developments.

  • Title: Online Trade, Offline RulesA Review of Barriers to e-commerce in the EU
  • Published: 2015
  • Language: English
  • Format: PDF
  • Author: National Board of Trade
  • Pages: 69
  • ISBN: 978-91-86575-99-1

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59


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