1. Effects on Trade and Competition of Abolishing Anti-Dumping Measures

    The European Union Experience

    The European Union (EU) is one of the few regional trade agreements where the anti-dumping measures that were in place have been abolished between the member states as they are integrated. In addition, the EU is one of the few regional trade agreements that have established common competition rules. EU integration is, accordingly, the most relevant case to study in order to gain an understanding of the effects of abolishing anti-dumping measures and of whether 'unfair competition' is still taking place.

  2. November 2013 | Publications | English

    Eliminating Anti-Dumping Measures in Regional Trade Agreements

    The European Union Example

    In recent years, the number of regional trade agreements has proliferated. The great majority, about 90 per cent, of the regional trade agreements allow member countries to use anti-dumping measures against one another. Due to the fact that about 75 per cent of all regional trade agreements include provisions on competiton rules, it may be possible to replace anti-dumping measures with competition rules if there is emphasis placed on this during the trade negotiations.

  3. November 2013 | Publications | English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Countries

    An Introduction

    World trade is undergoing major changes. Emerging economies contribute to new trading patterns, in many cases gaining shares in the global trading system that better correspond to the sizes of their populations. Production is becoming more fragmented and at the same time more integrated; specialisation through geographic division of production is increasing, as is the service content in trade.

  4. October 2013 | Publications | English

    Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs)

    - how they work

    Investment Protection Treaties are commonly known as Bilateral Investment Treaties or BITs. Investment protection is also found in certain free trade agreements. The best known example is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); an agreement signed by Canada, the USA and Mexico. In this paper, the term "foreign investors" refers to investors from a country with which there is a Bilateral Investment Treaty. At the end of the paper you will find information on Sweden and BITs.

  5. October 2013 | Publications | English

    Just Add Services

    A case study on servicification and the agri-food sector

    The aim of this study is to analyse if services are as important to the agri-food sector as they are for manufacturing and if the agri-food also is being servicified. This will underline the importance of services and that trade in services is essential for agri-food companies – both to provide them with access to needed services and being able to deliver the services they need to deliver alongside their products. How open markets are for competition in the provision of services will have an impact on the efficiency of agri-food-production and on its participation in global value chains.

  6. September 2013 | Publications | English

    National Board of Trade

    The National Board of Trade is the Swedish government agency for foreign trade and trade policy - a brief introduction.

  7. June 2013 | Publications | English

    Making Trade Happen

    Business Perspectives on Cross-Border Movement of Persons

    The cross-border movements and meetings of people are crucial for all trade-related transactions. This report aims to make discussion and measures in this area better grounded in business realities. It shows how and why the cross border movement of people matters to trade and competitiveness of companies in the “global village” of today. 

  8. June 2013 | Publications | English

    Targeting the Environment

    Exploring a New Trend in the EU’s Trade Defence Investigations

    In recent years, the European Union's trade defence instruments (TDI) have increasingly been directed towards renewable energy sources, such as biodiesel, bioethanol, glass fibres, solar panels and solar glass. The TDI investigations on renewable energy sources affect import values which are among the highest of any of the EU's TDI measures. This provides an indication that there are considerable environmental values involved.

  9. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Introduction to the EU Trade Defence Instruments

    The most frequent reason for the use of anti-dumping measures is to counter "unfair competition" and to create "a level playing field" in the international trade. Aspects of competition are, however, not considered in anti-dumping investigations. Anti-dumping measures are mainly benefiting third country exporters not facing anti-dumping duties, more than the EU producers that have requested protection. In addition, the protection comes at a high cost. Each 1 euro gained by the protected EU industry implies an extra cost of 4.5 euro for importers, user industry and consumers in the EU.

  10. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Easier to sell products with the EU's contact points

    The Product Contact Point helps businesses by providing information on any national requirements for a particular product. This brochure describes how to use the Product Contact Point and what the principle of freedom of movement within the EU means to businesses.

  11. May 2013 | Publications | English

    Provide services with EU’s points of single contact

    To make it easier for companies to come into contact with authorities in other EU countries, the web-based ”points of single contact” (PSC) have been created. Here one can easily access information and carry out ones company’s obligations, such as submitting applications, electronically. The leaflet describes how to use the PSCs and what the principle of free movement means for businesses.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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