2010 and older

  1. Made in Sweden?

    A New Perspective on the Relationship between Sweden’s Exports and Imports

    In this report, the National Board of Trade reviews the effects on trade due to the increased specialisation of production in the world economy - and thereby the fragmentation of manufacturing operations to various countries. The market has become increasingly global which has affected international trade and international dependence. This report describes how Sweden’s dependence on trade has been altered. It is also available in a Swedish version.

  2. May 2010 | Publications | English

    Practical Aspects of Border Carbon Adjustment Measures

    - Using a Trade Facilitation Perspective to Assess Trade Costs

    Border carbon adjustment (BCA) measures are being discussed as a response to concerns regarding carbon leakage and competitiveness in a number of OECD countries, although no country has implemented these types of BCA measures yet. This analysis aims to complement the studies done on legal and economic issues with a discussion on the practical challenges and costs relating to the different ways a BCA could be constructed.

  3. April 2010 | Publications | English

    E-invoicing in cross-border trade

    The transition from paper invoices to e-invoices is an example of how new technology can improve and rationalise previous manual and lengthy procedures. The purpose of the study is to give a description of precisely what the primary barriers are to increased cross-border use of e-invoices. An increased use of e-invoices should facilitate international trade and simplify a process that currently requires many manual and repetitive action.

  4. March 2010 | Publications | English

    Mutual Recognition of AEO Programmes

    Supply Chain Security and Trade Facilitation – Progress Report Fall 2010

    The report is intended as a follow-up of the report Supply Chain Security Initiatives: A Trade Facilitation Perspective from 2008, but the Board has chosen to pay particular attention to an area where development has been rapid, and which the Board considers to be of great importance for continued trade facilitation. In the report, the development of AEO programmes over recent years in a selection of important economies is described.

  5. January 2010 | Publications | English

    Servicification of Swedish Manufacturing

    Our analysis shows that Swedish manufacturing is being servicified. Servicification means that manufacturing both buys and produces more services in-house than before, but also that it sells and exports more services. One illustrative example of the increased importance of services for manufacturing firms is Sandvik Tooling. In order to uphold its delivery chain, Sandvik Tooling uses some 40 types of services. Moreover, Sandvik Tooling offers some 15 types of services to its customers. Services offered range from research and development to maintenance of delivered products.

  6. October 2009 | Publications | English

    Open Trade or Protectionism?

    Developments in trade policy since 1995

    Globally, the growth of international trade is outpacing production, and investments are increasing more rapidly still. This study by the Swedish National Board of Trade shows that the twelve years following 1995 saw a period of increased openness and free trade. Meanwhile, progress in trade policy has been limited in recent years. A common impression obtained from various investigations is that support for protectionism is on the rise, perhaps as an effect of globalization.

  7. May 2009 | Publications | English


    - for trade facilitation

    Information brochure for SWEPRO, the Swedish Trade Procedures Council. SWEPRO is Sweden’s forum for discussion and information regarding international work on trade facilitation issues. SWEPRO includes representatives of business and public authorities and consists of the Swedish Bankers’ Association, the Swedish Trade Council, the Swedish Alliance for Electronic Commerce (GEA), the National Board of Trade, the Swedish Federation of Trade, the Swedish International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise, the Swedish International Freight Association, Swedish Customs, and the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. 

  8. February 2009 | Publications | English

    Climate Measures and Trade

    Legal and Economic Aspects of Border Carbon Adjustment

    This study focuses on the legal and economic aspects of a border carbon tax or a carbon regulation requiring participation in a domestic cap-and-trade system, referring to both as border carbon adjustment. It examines what literature has to say about the legal implications and looks into the arguments given for introducing border carbon adjustments.

  9. February 2009 | Publications | English

    At your service

    The Importance of Services for Manufacturing Companies and Possible Trade Policy Implications

    This case study of Sandvik Tooling (a part of the Swedish manufacturer, Sandvik Group) shows that the company needs over 40 different services to establish and uphold their supply chain. This is almost half of the services covered in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Additionally, Sandvik Tooling supply about 15 different services themselves. It is also available in a Swedish version.

  10. August 2008 | Publications | English

    Trade Facilitation and Swedish Experiences

    The National Board of Trade has the task of promoting a free trade with transparent rules. Our work thus aims at minimising all kinds of obstacles to trade. Trade facilitation is an important part of this - and increasingly so with decreasing levels for tariffs. Trade facilitation is hence becoming an increasingly important tool for development.

  11. May 2008 | Publications | English

    Deals on Wheels

    The Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations

    This study fills two primary functions: to serve as stock-taking excercise of international hamonisation of vehicle regulations and analyse the effectiveness of the current system. The overview of the status of the harmonisation consists of an introduction to two multilateral agreements - the 1958 Agreement and the 1998 Agreement of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe - as well as a look at the vehicle regulations in seven economies: China, The EU, India, Japan Russia, South Korea and the US.

National Board of Trade, P.O. Box 6803, SE-113 86 Stockholm. 
Visiting Address: Drottninggatan 89. 
Phone: +46 8 690 48 00     Fax: +46 8 30 67 59

E-mail: kommersk...@kommers.se

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